International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Haki Road, Plot No. 486 Block A, Lakilaki Area, Arumeru District, Arusha) – this was an international court set up by the United Nations in November 1994 (under UN Security Council Resolution 955) in order to try those accused of committing war crimes during the Rwandan genocide that took place in that neighboring country earlier that year.
Many high-ranking Rwandans (in particular from the majority Hutu ethnic group) were tried and convicted of various war crimes during such trials. Arusha made diplomatic history by simply hosting these proceedings. Even though the Tribunal officially shut down in 2015, there are other Rwandan war criminals who have not been brought to justice, which could trigger its reopening in the near future (if and when they are apprehended).